Geosphere > Tectonic


Terrestrial laser scanner data covering the summit craters of Láscar Volcano, Chile

The datasets included in this data publication are: (1) the TLS combined point cloud (consisting of ∼15 million data points), (2) a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) with 1 m pixel spacing which was generated from (1), and (3) a shaded relief of (2) in kmz format. These datasets are supplement to de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen et al. (2017), who used them to study structural and geomorphological features at the nested summit craters of Láscar Volcano, Chile. However, in the paper the data were used in a local reference frame while we here provide both the TLS point cloud and the DEM product in global coordinates (WGS 1984 UTM Zone 19 South).


Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) is a technique where a laser pulse is actively emitted from a LiDAR instrument and the echo that returns from a target object is recorded. The distances between the instrument and the target points are calculated from the round-trip travel time of the laser pulse (Fornaciai et al., 2010). A terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) uses this technique in a scanning mode where the laser beam is deflected into different directions by an oscillating mirror while at the same time the scanner’s head is rotating. We used a long-range RIEGL LMS-Z620 instrument with a field of view of up to 80° by 360° in the vertical and horizontal plane, respectively. The maximum repeatability of this instrument is 5 mm, but this value increases with increasing distance between the scanner and the target, when viewing geometries or the target reflectivity are not optimal or when atmospheric conditions vary and are not ideal. From the acquired 3D point cloud topographic details can be retrieved over a maximum distance of 2 km. However, newer instruments can reach distances of 6 km or more.


Data Publication

Richter, Nicole; Nikkhoo, Mehdi; de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, Elske; Walter, Thomas. R. (2016): Terrestrial laser scanner data covering the summit craters of Láscar Volcano, Chile. GFZ Data Services. doi:10.5880/GFZ.2.1.2016.002.

Related Journal Article

De Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, E., Richter, N., González, G., & Walter, T. R. (2017). Geomorphology and structural development of the nested summit crater of Láscar Volcano studied with Terrestrial Laser Scanner data and analogue modelling. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 329, 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.09.018.

A post-2015 lava flow hazard map for Fogo Volcano

We provide an updated lava flow hazard map for Fogo Volcano, Cabo Verde that is valid after the 2014-2015 eruptive crises. The hazard map shows the probability of lava flow invasion within the Chã das Caldeiras and on the eastern flank of the volcano. This probability is defined as the likelihood that a future lava flow will inundate a specific point before the vent location is known. The hazard map is calculated on the basis of a 5 m resolution digital elevation model generated from contours on the base of photogrammetric data that was updated for the 2014-2015 lava flow using combined terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) and camera data. The lava flow hazard map in printable A0 poster format is available in two versions, an English-Kreolu version (blue) and an English-Portugese version (green). Please refer to Richter et al. (2016) for more information and scientific background, as well as for supplementary material in kml format.

Data Publication

Richter, Nicole; Favalli, Massimiliano; de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, Elske; Fornaciai, Alessandro; da Silva Fernandes, Rui Manuel; Pérez, Nemesio M.; Levy, Judith; Silva Victória, Sónia; Walter, Thomas R. (2016): A post-2015 lava flow hazard map for Fogo Volcano, Cabo Verde. GFZ Data Services. doi:10.5880/GFZ.2.1.2016.001.

Related Journal Article

Richter, N., Favalli, M., de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, E., Fornaciai, A., da Silva Fernandes, R. M., Pérez, N. M., … Walter, T. R. (2016). Lava flow hazard at Fogo Volcano, Cabo Verde, before and after the 2014–2015 eruption. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 16(8), 1925–1951 doi:10.5194/nhess-16-1925-2016.

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